Parallel Lives in Krakow, Toufar in New York
More events of the Parallel Lives project are going to take place over the next few weeks. In April, Krakow will host a Parallel Lives minivestival, and in May Toufar – The Torture Games will play in New York.
The last minifestival of productions created as part of an international project of the Divadelná Nitra Association, Parallel Lives – 20th Century through the Eyes of Secret Police, is being prepared by project partners from the New Theatre (Teatr Nowy) in Krakow. From 16 to 19 April 2015, audiences at various theatre venues in Krakow will have a chance to see Typography Majuscule (Performing Archives) produced by dramAcum and Odeon Theatre from Bucharest, The Inside of the Inside from the SkRAT Theatre in Bratislava, and Follow Me from the hosting New Theatre in Krakow. Moreover, Krakow will host film screenings of six documentary films created as an addition to the Parallel Lives project. The films were co-produced by the Slovak RTVS, Mandala Pictures, DogDocs and Divadelná Nitra Association. Krakow’s New Theatre’s production Vysotsky. Return to the USSR will also be presented during the minifestival as its accompanying event.
From 8 to 10 May, the Bohemian National Hall in New York will host two performances of Toufar – The Torture Games, a production by the National Theatre Opera in Prague, as part of its Acts of Courage project. These are going to be the very first Parallel Lives performances outside Europe. The author of both libretto and music Aleš Březina will personally introduce to local audiences not only his production, but the whole Parallel Lives project, also by means of the Parallel Lives reader and documentary films.
The Parallel Lives project has had successful performances at minifestivals hosted in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania and Germany. The productions created in the framework of the project are still playing at their respective repertory theatres; several of them have participated at festivals in Lublin, Torun, Strasbourg and Athens. The productions celebrated their world premiere at the Divadelná Nitra International Theatre Festival 2013, later some of them played in Košice in the framework of the European Capital of Culture project, and in spring 2014 in Bratislava during Pro-thesis and New Drama festivals.
Typography Majuscule (Performing Archives) in a collection of contemporary Romanian plays and the Parallel Lives minifestival in Krakow
The prestigious German publishing house Theater der Zeit with whom the Divadelná Nitra Association cooperated in preparing the book Parallel Lives – A Documentary Theatre Project on Secret Police in Eastern Europe, has published a collection of contemporary Romanian plays. One of the four plays is Typography Majuscule (Performing Archives), which has thus been brought out for the first time in printed form. The book was compiled by Irina Wolf and besides the play by Gianina Carbunariu, it also contains works by Catinca Drăgănescu, Eugen Jebeleanu, Roxana Marian and Elise Wilk. For more information please visit http://theaterderzeit.de/buch/machtspiele/.
On 18 November, Typography Majuscule (Performing Archives) was performed with great success at the Trafó theatre in Budapest. And by a strange coincidence, on the very same day in the morning somebody wrote Democracy! in large letters on the square in the centre of the small Hungarian town of Baja.
Typography Majuscule (Performing Archives) is one of the productions which are to be presented at the next Parallel Lives minifestival in Krakow in March 2015.
Medical history of socialist society will be offered by Parallel Lives on RTVS
Why is there a November ´89? And how did former political regimes influence lives of both individuals and entire societies in Slovakia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Germany? This will be revealed by a series of six documentary films entitled Parallel Lives – 20th Century through the Eyes of Secret Police, which will be presented by Radio and Television Slovakia (RTVS) as one of its priority projects to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the Velvet Revolution. Dvojka, a channel operated by RTVS, will broadcast the series once a week from 11 October to 17 November.
On 17 and 18 November 2014, cinemagoers will have a chance to see the series of Parallel Lives documentaries at Kinoklub Tatra in Nitra. At the end of the film screening event there will be a discussion with the director of the films Adam Hanuljak and historian Ľubomír Morbacher. For detailed programme please go to Calendar.
The series follows secret police activities under communist totalitarian regimes of the 20th century in six countries, and through theatrical renderings of authentic stories it opens up the topic of political power in the past which, using the practices of communist secret police forces, influenced private lives of people. The basic framework for the documentaries is the several-year project of the Divadelná Nitra Association Parallel Lives – 20th Century through the Eyes of Secret Police. The project culminated in autumn 2013 with world premieres of unique documentary stage productions at the Divadelná Nitra International Theatre Festival. Theatre professionals from six countries had spent two years preparing their productions – they searched for stories, carried out their own research in secret police archives and eventually wrote and staged their original plays.
“Six documentary films are not only a monumental conclusion to the Parallel Lives project, but also further evidence of its great potential – ability to interest and inspire. And not only theatre professionals, but also historians, journalists and filmmakers. The six productions created by both big and purely alternative theatres in six countries are still touring Europe in the framework of minifestivals. When we were designing the project four years ago, we did not even believe our dream could come true. But the whole time we were driven by that which is the inexhaustible energy of the project – the effort to unbury age-old stories of people, help cope with the past, help find the truth and maybe also rectify historical injustices, i.e. past lies and present-day forgetting,” said Darina Kárová, director of the Divadelná Nitra Association, which is the co-producer of the documentary series.
The series was directed by Adam Hanuljak. “The individual stage productions were not only sources of stories and particular examples of why communist regime’s secret services committed so much evil against their own citizens. This topic does not only concern the past era which, it seems to me, we do not want to remember, but it still affects the present – e.g. the way we cope with the injustices and malevolence of secret police forces. I believe the only possible way to do it and to learn a lesson is to talk about the subject,” the director said.
The introductory part which will be presented on Dvojka as early as 11 October, will be dedicated to Poland and will ask the question: Who Does the Past Belong To?. In it, the documentarian points to controversy triggered by a series of events related to the declassification of secret police SB (Służba Bezpieczeństwa) files. It is because theatre creators from the New Theatre looked into the files of Colonel Józef Schiller, functionary of the Krakow branch of the SB, who specialized on cases from the circles of the Catholic intelligentsia and excelled in techniques of mental tyranny. They revealed past sins that are now “forgotten”, as today most SB officials are completely unknown.
The second part of Medical History of Society will be dedicated to Hungary and its premiere will be presented on 18 October. The participants will ask whether the state system has the right to judge who is mentally healthy and who is not. The main plot is the story of a young Hungarian psychiatrist whom the regime put into a mental institution while she kept claiming she was the subject of a conspiracy by the State Security.
The part dedicated to Germany will be presented on 25 October under the title Purgation. It follows nine people who have taken their stories on stage where they read excerpts from their own files. A former student of theology, a convinced socialist, a teacher who refused to collaborate with the Stasi, a man who ended up in prison for not betraying his friends who had been planning to escape. And the nine actors also include a Stasi collaborator.
The Czech story entitled Faith against Might will be broadcast on 1 November and it will depict the story of one of the most striking victims of modern Czech history – priest Josef Toufar, who had been tortured to death. This part reveals the background behind the so-called “Číhošť miracle”.
Suicide Directed by the State Security – that is the title of the part dedicated to Slovakia, which will come to TV screens on 8 November. Its main subject will be the death of double agent, secretly ordained priest Přemysl Coufal, which is one of the most serious unresolved cases. The film deals with mechanisms which, in the framework of the secret police ŠtB, enabled the creation of a parallel power structure and mutual control of individual employees and collaborators at all levels of this organisation.
The documentary series will conclude on 15 November with a part dedicated to Romania and entitled Dangerous Children. The viewer will follow the story of a young hero, street artist; under the pressure of Securitate, all of his family and friends turn their backs on him.
“Some of the theatre and film creators participating in the Parallel Lives project belong to the generation of people who have not experienced the era of communism, are not influenced by memory optimism and consider it important to open up taboo topics, look for answers to pending questions of the past era, and remind people of the importance of November ´89”, responsible RTVS dramaturgist Alexandra Gunišová Ševčíková explained.
Parallel Lives in Prague and Bucharest
The Parallel Lives minifestivals will continue in autumn 2014 in Prague and Bucharest. From 5 to 9 October, the National Theatre Opera in Prague will host the productions The Inside of the Inside, My File and I, Typography Majuscule (Performing Archives), Follow Me and Toufar – The Torture Games. In addition to that, the National Theatre in Prague has prepared an eventful accompanying programme. For more information please visit the minifestival site www.paralelnizivoty.cz.
From 11 to 13 October, the audience at the Odeon Theatre in Bucharest will have a chance to see three performances: My File and I, Toufar – The Torture Games, and Typography Majuscule (Performing Archives).
Parallel Lives touring Europe with their productions
The international project Parallel Lives – 20th Century through the Eyes of Secret Police whose world premiere was presented to spectators during last year’s edition of the International Theatre Festival Divadelná Nitra, continues its European tour. From 19 to 22 June 2014, six productions from six countries which based on real stories of real people show the practices of secret police forces of communist regimes, will be presented at the stages of the Dresden State Theatre.
During the autumn of 2014, the Parallel Lives minifestivals will be hosted also by other theatres where the individual productions originated: National Theatre Opera in Prague (5–9 October), the Odeon Theatre in Bucharest (9–12 October), Sputnik Shipping Company in Budapest (18–19 November), and the tour’s final stop will be at the New Theatre in Krakow in November 2014.
Publication Parallel Lives – A Documentary Theatre Project on Secret Police in Eastern Europe
At the Parallel Lives minivestival in Dresden, the organisers will introduce the publication Parallel Lives – A Documentary Theatre Project on Secret Police in Eastern Europe which is being published by the initiator and leader of the whole project, the Divadelná Nitra Association, in cooperation with the prestigious German publishing house Theater der Zeit. The publication was compiled by Parallel Lives project curator Ján Šimko and dramaturgist Martina Vannayová.
The book contains two professional essays and interviews. The theatrological study on the project and documentary theatre was written by foremost German critic and theoretician Thomas Irmer, and the historiographical part by Czech historian Jiří Suk who specializes in the history of modern Czechoslovakia. Readers will also find in the book interviews with the directors of the productions.
Parallel Lives reader
The Dresden festival will also see the launch of the Parallel Lives Reader, which was presented for the very first time by Darina Kárová, director of the International Theatre Festival Divadelná Nitra, at the Parallel Lives – Pro-thesis, the first of a series of minifestivals that took place in April 2014 at the SkRAT theatre in Bratislava. Now the English translation of more than thirty stories from six countries which the authors of the productions had come across during their archival research, is reaching international readers.
The reader has more than 100 pages containing more than 30 stories from all six countries participating in the project. The stories were compiled by none other than the creators of the productions – Clemens Bechtel, Gianina Cărbunariu, Aleš Březina, Ľubomír Burgr, Dušan Vicen, Tomasz Kireńczuk and Péter Závada – who have thus “made good use” of their research in secret police archives.
Typography Majuscule (Performing Archives) wins an award
We are delighted for the creators of Typography Majuscule (Performing Archives) who have received an award in acknowledgement of their work and a part of the Parallel Lives project. The production was awarded a special prize in the field of documentary theatre. The awards are distributed on an annual basis by the Senate of the Romanian Association of Theatre Artists (UNITER). The UNITER Awards Gala took place on 28 April 2014 in Bucharest.
Parallel Lives continue – European minifestival tour, book and film
Nitra, 1 April 2014 – What were the practices of secret services under former communist regimes? And what testimonies do former prisoners or persecuted citizens reveal? How do we approach our own past? These and other questions will be answered by the international project of the Divadelná Nitra Association Parallel Lives – 20th Century through the Eyes of Secret Police. Stories about the tyranny of power from six post-communist countries and by six creative teams, took the form of six theatre productions whose world premieres were presented at the International Theatre Festival Divadelná Nitra 2013.
The project, however, continues living its life and the real-life stories of a psychiatrist, a young rebel, a secretly-ordained priest, dissident or bricklayer, whose lives had been changed for good by secret police, embark on their European journey. And that is not all – in 2014 the project will present two publications and several films.
Parallel Lives eternalized in original publications
On the first day of the Pro-thesis festival on 8 April 2014, the project organisers will introduce the Parallel Lives reader, containing nearly 100 pages covered with more than 30 stories from all six countries participating in the project. The stories were compiled by none other than the creators of the productions – Clemens Bechtel, Gianina Cârbunariu, Aleš Březina, Ľubomír Burgr, Dušan Vicen, Tomasz Kire¢czuk and Péter Závada – who have thus “made good use” of their research in secret police archives. The Slovak part was co-authored by Ľubomír Morbacher, the Director of the Nation’s Memory Institute’s Documentation Department and the project’s professional consultant.
In 2014, another important project output will be the publication Parallel Lives (A Documentary Theatre Project on Secret Police in Eastern Europe), which the Divadelná Nitra Association is about to publish in cooperation with the prestigious German publishing house Theater der Zeit. The editors are project curator Ján Šimko and project dramaturg Martina Vannayová. The publication includes two professional studies – a theatrological study about the project and documentary theatre written by foremost German critic and theoretician Thomas Irmer, and a historiographical part by historian Jiří Suk who specializes in modern history of Czechoslovakia. The interviews with the creators of productions were realised by Hartmut Krug (Germany), Tamás Jászay (Hungary), Iulia Popovici (Romania), Michaela Mojžišová (Czech Republic), Witold Mroźek (Poland) and Ján Šimko (Slovakia). The publication will be released in June 2014 and its editors will present it during the Parallel Lives minifestival in Dresden.
Parallel Lives on screens
The Parallel Lives project will also appear on television. Film production companies Mandala Pictures and DogDocs in cooperation with the Radio and Television of Slovakia (RTVS) are preparing a six-part documentary series and a feature-length documentary film which, against the backdrop of the process of staging authentic stories about political power in the past, will offer a present-day view of the events of November 1989 and the fall of communism – through the eyes of the creators, actors, victims, witnesses to the era, protagonists of the theatre productions, using artistic reconstruction employed during the preparations of the Parallel Lives productions.
Among other things, director Adam Hanuljak seeks answers to the question how societies in the individual countries approached and dealt with their recent history and political practices of the era of communism in the way they declassified (or not) their archives. The documentary series premiere is planned for autumn 2014 on RTVS. The topic of true stories of people connected to the activities of secret police services, will be brought to light at the perfect time – before the 25th anniversary of November 1989.
New theatre productions touring Europe
The series of six Parallel Lives minifestivals will start in Bratislava. The first minifestival will run from 8 through 13 April 2014, hosted by the SkRAT Theatre at their A4 – Centre for Contemporary Culture. The SkRAT Theatre will present all six project productions by creative teams from the Czech Republic, Hungary, Germany, Poland, Romania, plus its own piece, in the framework of its festival of authorial theatre Pro-thesis – Parallel Lives. Immediately after the performances, spectators will have a chance to meet and talk to the creators of the productions at discussions.
During the summer and autumn of 2014, the Parallel Lives minifestivals will be hosted by theatres in which the individual productions originated: the Dresden State Theatre (19 to 22 June), National Theatre Opera in Prague (5-9 October), the Odeon Theatre in Bucharest (9-12 October), Sputnik Shipping Company in Budapest (18-19 November), and the tour’s final stop will be at the New Theatre in Krakow in November 2014. Moreover, some of the productions have already been invited to other towns and various festivals. The Hungarian production Reflex directed by Daniel D. Kovács and produced by the Budapest-based Sputnik Shipping Company, will participate in the International Theatre Festival Kontakt in Torun and the Festival Premiéres in Strasbourg. In mid-March, Typography Majuscule (Performing Archives) by Romanian director Gianina Cărbunariu participated in the Transitions 1. Balkans: Contemporary Art Festival of the Independent Balkan Scene in Athens.
Parallel Lives continue
Two months after the festival, the Parallel Lives project moved from Nitra to Košice, where two of its six productions were presented to the audience of the European Capital of Culture Košice 2013. On 20 and 21 November, the spectators at the Kasárne/Kulturpark cultural centre enjoyed the Slovak production of the SkRAT Theatre The Inside of the Inside and the production Reflex of the Hungarian Sputnik Shipping Company.
In 2014 all six productions which were created as part of the Parallel Lives project will be presented in the particular countries participating in the project in form of a touring Parallel Lives minifestival. The pieces will also be regularly scheduled as a part of the repertoire of the respective co-production partners – theatres in which they originated. The Parallel Lives minifestival will begin in April 2014 in Bratislava and will successively take place in Dresden, Budapest, Krakow, Bucharest and Prague.
Parallel Lives in the media
The Parallel Lives project has been reflected in journals and professional periodicals, in articles written by many Slovak and foreign journalists and theatre critics. In the professional magazine Theater heute, Thomas Irmer emphasised the importance of the project theme and its curatorial character. Hannah Lühmann from the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, for her part, observed that had it not been for this theatrical project, one would never have come across these stories.
In its programme Terra musica, the Czech Television broadcasted a reportage on Aleš Březina’s production Toufar; Hospodárske noviny (The Economic Newspaper) brought an interview with one of the protagonists of the production My File and I, a former Stasi agent Peter Wachs; and the SME, a Slovak daily newspaper, published an interview with the project curator Ján Šimko. Besides these, there have been other positive reactions to the project, both in Slovak and foreign periodicals. Please, click here for a regularly-updated press digest.
public debate Why Memory?
Recently we have come across the notion of memory very often. We are searching for traditions that have perished or become extinct, filling in the white spots, remembering, re-evaluating the past, coming to terms with the traumas, looking for justice, trying to guess what can be forgotten or forgiven, restituting, studying the archives, shooting the films and documents, establishing institutes of national and other memories.
Michal Havran will be discussing the functions of historical memory with his guests. How we try (or don’t) to come to terms with the heritage of political police corps that had affected the functioning of our societies with a specific instrumentalisation of a secret. During the discussion, the historians, theatre artists and intellectuals will be trying to investigate also the moral and political heritage of these power structures and its impact on our mentality.
Sunday 29 September 2013, 21:30 – 23:00, Andrej Bagar Theatre – Hall – Stage
Parallel Lives guests at the International Theatre Festival Divadelná Nitra
Besides artists and co-producers of the Parallel Lives project, the International Theatre Festival Divadelná Nitra will welcome even more special guests, including the representatives of the institutions which supported the project, such as Michael Thoss from the Alianz Kulturstiftung, Jana Binder from the Goethe Institut Slovakia, and many others.
We will also be proud to welcome the representatives of foreign festivals and theatres – Anja Dirks from the Theaterformen festival, Ann-Marie Arioli from the Staatstheater Wiesbaden, Myriam Prongué from the Schlachthaus Theater Bern, and many Slovak and foreign journalists and critics – Thomas Irmer and Hartmut Krug from Germany, Iulia Popovici and Marius Oprea from Romania, Lukasz Drewniak from Poland, Tamász Jászay from Hungary, or Michaela Mojžišová from Slovakia, and others.
Documentary film on Parallel Lives
In cooperation with Mandala Pictures and DogDocs, young Slovak documentarist Adam Hanuljak is working on a series of short TV documentaries and a feature-length cinematic documentary on the Parallel Lives project.
Adam Hanuljak’s documentary series covers not only the researching work of the creative teams, the preparation of the particular productions, their premieres at the International Theatre Festival Divadelná Nitra and the reflection of the whole project, but just like the project itself it also asks questions of how the political power and secret police practices influenced and still influence human lives.
Directed by: Adam Hanuljak, produced by: Tomáš Kaminský, Mandala Pictures, co-produced by: DogDocs and Divadelná Nitra Association
Support the creation of the documentary series about the Parallel Lives project financially or become its co-producer. Contact: email@example.com
Rehearsals of the Parallel Lives productions in full swing
The Parallel Lives productions have been intensely rehearsed for several weeks now – the teams from every country have reached the final pre-premiere stages. The productions Follow Me (PL), Performing Archives (RO) and Toufar – The Torture Games will premiere before the Festival, in September in their respective countries of origin.
The Inside of the Inside (SK) and Meltdown (HU) will have their world premieres at the International Theatre Festival Divadelná Nitra. We are also eager to present at the Festival the German production My File and I which premiered as early as 28 April 2013. You can find all the dates of the premieres and performances in the Parallel Lives website Calendar.
Parallel Lives theory
The Parallel Lives project also includes the so called Readers – stories which the Parallel Lives artists found in the archives during the project’s research stages and which they wrote down for the sake of the project. They are records of stories of people whose lives have somehow been affected by the state security.
The readers bear testimony to human courage to face the power machinery and at the same time they tell stories of horrible actions of those working for the state security forces during the era of socialism. They should remind us of the days when too many human lives were destroyed in the name of totalitarian ideology. Excerpts from the Reader are available in the Theory section.
International Theatre Festival Divadelná Nitra 27.9. – 2.10.2013
How to purge one’s name, conscience, memory or past? From lies, sins and accusations? Is there actually a way to get rid of guilt? The purgation of both the individual and the society will be brought on stage by the International Theatre Festival Divadelná Nitra, taking place from 27 September to 2 October 2013. The theme of the 22nd edition will be the question Purged? This year again the Festival will raise questions about serious social and political phenomena through outstanding European and domestic productions.
The Festival’s main programme, whose core part is formed by the premiere productions of the Parallel Lives project, will bring, besides the works of authors from countries participating in the project, also productions from Croatia, France, Slovenia and Slovakia.Over 6 days, Festival visitors will have a chance to see 19 performances of 13 productions.
For more information visit www.nitrafest.sk
Parallel Lives PLUS for Schools
On 24 June, one of the first events of the Parallel Lives – 20th Century through the Eyes of Secret Police project section called Parallel Lives Plus for Schools took place. Students of two secondary grammar schools in Nitra – the Grammar School of Sts. Cyril and Methodius and the Grammar School Párovská – attended the project presentation, a film screening and discussion.
The international Parallel Lives project was presented to students by the Director of the International Theatre Festival Divadelná Nitra Darina Kárová, Slavka Civáňová, Divadelná Nitra Festival’s Coordinator of the Accompanying Programme, spoke about the activities for schools, and the Director of the Nation’s Memory Institute’s Documentation Division Ľubomír Morbacher commented on the historical and social context of the era of the communist regime and the State Security (ŠtB) work methods, and also introduced the documentary film Free-Living Youth (Voľne žijúca mládež).
The students have an opportunity to also participate in the project contributing their own work – through the activity Your Story – Ask your Parents. More events will be organised at secondary schools in Nitra in September and will culminate in the students’ participation at the International Theatre Festival Divadelná Nitra.
New co-production partner – Odeon Theatre Bucharest
Another co-production partner of the Parallel Lives project is the Odeon Theatre. Thus besides dramAcum, another Romanian co-producer is the famous Bucharestian theatre which will premiere the production Performing Archives and include it in its repertoire. Directed by Gianina Cârbunariu, the production will feature famous actors of the Odeon Theatre.
Director of the Odeon Thatre Dorina Lazar has expressed an interest in presenting also other project productions in the framework of one of the PLL minifestivals. The Odeon Theatre is known for its support for international projects and it also allows space for the creations of young Romanian artists.
Parallel Lives meeting
The Parallel Lives meeting before the international premiere and launch of the project at the International Theatre Festival Divadelná Nitra (27 September – 2 October 2013) was held in Dresden from 4 to 6 May.
Artists, co-producers and organisational team from Nitra addressed some practical issues related to the production of the stage productions as well as the dramaturgy of the particular productions and of the project as such.
The first Parallel Lives premiere
The premiere of the first of the six Parallel Lives productions took place on 28 April. Director Clemens Bechtel together with the performers – witnesses to the era and protagonists of the documentary stories – studied whether the materials in Stasi archives can give relevant testimonies on the lives of the victims of the persecution. The files serve as “guides” to the past and reveal a great deal about recent German history.
13.5., 8., 18. and 30. 6. 2013, 19.00
My File and I, Dresden State Theatre, directed by Clemens Bechtel
We are pleased to welcome on board theatre director Radek Rychcik and the New Theatre (Teatr Nowy) from Krakow (represented by Tomasz Kire¢czuk). Their participation was confirmed at the meeting in Krakow on 5 March. The Czech team is newly supported by movie maker, playwright and theatre director Petr Zelenka.
EU funding for Parallel Lives
The Parallel Lives project has been awarded a European Commission grant from the Culture Programme, Strand 1.2.1: Cooperation projects. From the evaluation by EU experts we have chosen the following paragraphs:
“This Project is about an important part of our European history and will bring together a theatre reflection on the parallel lives in police files in Eastern European countries. The Project aims at fostering cooperation between theatrical companies from different countries according to curatorial project principles – by focusing the creation of different companies on a particular theme or subject. Practices of the Secret Police and their impact on the lives of people, collected by artists in the secret police archives in 6 countries will be the reference point for the creation.”
“The Project will foster both transnational mobility of the artists and culture workers and circulation of cultural works. It is stated that 86 culture workers and 8 works will move due to the project activities. The idea of the Project is to share methodology and experience with the documentary theatre creations, so a regular platform (online) as well as possibility to meet in workshops will be established. Altogether the project activities have already been developed during several in advance meetings. The touring of the productions will not only create an occasion for an ongoing direct communication and exchange among artists, partners and experts, but will also serve as a means for multilateral cooperation.”